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Russia, Moscow region, Kolomna city
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9K132 Shturm-SM upgraded self-propelled antitank missile system

КБМ Коломна 9П149М "Штурм-СМ"

Purpose:

Designed to destroy current and future main battle tanks including those protected by ERA, small surface ships, low-flying air targets, field fortifications, manpower under cover and in the open round the clock, in benign and adverse weather, with dust and smoke obscurants on the battlefield.

 




 

Components:

- 9P149M combat vehicle (MTLB chassis);
- 9M114 guided round;
- 9M114F guided missile;
- 9M120 guided missile;
- 9M120F guided missile;
- 9M120F-1 guided missile;
- 9M120-1 antitank guided missile;
- 9M120-1F guided missile;
- 9M120-1F-1 guided missile;
- 9V868M mobile test station (to check CVs);
- SPTA kit (individual, group, and repair);
- 9F869 classroom simulator (to train 9P149M CV operators).
- 9M114PRAKT practice guided missile;
- 9M120PRAKT practice guided missile;
- 9M120-1PRAKT practice guided missile;
- 9M114MAKET, 9M120MAKET training dummies (size and weight mock-ups);
- 9M120UCHEBN. training missile;
- 9M114Razr. cut-out missile;
- 9M120Razr. cut-out missile;
- 9M120F Razr. cut-out missile;
- set of instructional charts.

KBM R&P Corp., JSC, is the manufacturer of 9M120-1, 9M120-1F, 9M120-1F-1 missiles, converts overhauled 9P149 to the 9P149M standard, and renders crew training services.

9P149M combat vehicle

The 9P149M combat vehicle combat vehicle is intended to destroy moving and stationary air and ground targets, short-term 9M120 type missile storage, transportation, launch, and guidance to the target. It is designed as a self-propelled launcher outfitted with equipment for target detection, missile guidance, communications, and power supply.

The 9P149 combat vehicle is based on a MTLB chassis. The 9P149 crew is 2 persons. The vehicle is of a cross-country type and can be operated under effects of mass destruction weapons. The missile load carried with the 9P149M CV and arranged in an automated stowage is composed of a mixture of up to 10 to 12 missiles: 9M120 (9M120-1) and 9M120F (9M120-1F). Loading the retractable launcher with a missile of a particular type from the automated stowage is automatic. Loading missiles to the stowage is manual. The retractable launcher carries a single container with a missile.

The 9P149M CV is equipped with a TV/TI control device and a radio command datalink.

The operational letter-coded frequency for the radio command datalink equipment is set by a switch before loading. The DUST (above LOS) flight mode parameters are set mechanically before launch using a control panel.

Rate of fire

3 to 4 launches a minute.
Missiles launched from a stationary CV in a succession with a 20-second interval.

9P149M CV firing sector:
- in azimuth
- in elevation

 
From minus 85 to plus 85 degrees
From minus 5 to plus 15 degrees

Maximum firing range:
By day with:
  - 9M114, 9M114F, 9M120, 9M120F, 9M120F-1 missiles
  - 9M120-1, 9M120-1F, 9M120-1F-1 missiles
By night and twilight in benign weather without target illumination
By night with target illumination with:
  - 9M114, 9M114F, 9M120, 9M120F, 9M120F-1 missiles
  - 9M120-1, 9M120-1F, 9M120-1F-1 missiles



5000 m, min.
6000 m

3500 m

5000 m, min.
6000 m

Minimum firing range

400 m

CV combat use conditions:

- range of altitudes above sea level
- temperature range

 

0 to 3000 m
From minus 40° to plus 50°C

Above sea level conditions of combat use for:

- 9M114, 9M114F missiles
- 9M120, 9M120F, 9M120F-1 missiles
- 9M120-1, 9M120-1F, 9M120-1F-1 missiles

 

0 to 3000 m
0 to 4000 m
0 to 4000 m

Functional checks of the 9P149M CV are conducted by means of a 9V868M mobile test station.
KBM R&P Corp., JSC, is the manufacturer of 9P149M CVs from overhauled 9P149 and renders crew training services.

 

9M120-1, 9M120-1F, 9M120-1F-1 guided missiles 

КБМ Коломна 9П149М "Штурм-СМ"

The missile has a canard configuration. The rear portion of the missile body houses control and guidance equipment (C&G section).                     

 

9M120-1 missile  
КБМ Коломна 9П149М "Штурм-СМ" The missile control system (C&G section) includes a radio receiver, a photodetector, and a responder, thus providing for radio command datalink guidance or semiautomatic laser beam riding.
9M120-1F missile  
КБМ Коломна 9П149М "Штурм-СМ" The operational letter-coded frequency of the radio command datalink is set mechanically before loading,, the radio command datalink code is sent to the C&G section equipment by applying voltage to appropriate contacts of the launcher. Switching over to the laser beam riding mode and its coded letter are set by applying voltage to appropriate contacts of the launcher.
C&G section  

Specifications of 9M120-1, 9M120-1F, 9M120-1F-1 missiles

Minimum firing range

400 m

Maximum firing range

6000 m

Missile's in-flight speed 

Supersonic

9M120-1 missile warhead

Tandem HEAT (armour penetration, at least, 800 mm behind ERA)

9M120-1F missile warhead

HE (of FAE type)

9M120-1F-1 missile warhead

Blast-fragmentation

Missile guidance

By radio commands and laser-beam riding, the C&G section accommodates a radio command datalink receiver, a photodetector and, a responder unit with a pulse flash lamp. The type of control system is set by corresponding triggering pulses.

Warhead diameter

130 mm

Missile length
(in transport and launch container , TLC)

1836 mm

Missile weight in TLC

50 kg, max.

Conditions of missile combat use:

- range of altitudes above sea level
- temperature range

 

0 to 4000 m
±50°C

The 9M120-1 type missile in storage and launch container loaded on the launcher can be fired after the launch platform negotiated a water obstacle as deep as down to 5 meters.

When in service, 9M120-1 missiles do not require checks by test equipment.

9V868М mobile test station (MTS)

The MTS is used to check 9P149M and 9P149 combat vehicles for function and identify failures down to a replaceable unit that can be changed without disconnecting communication cables and dismantling the equipment from the item under test, it is also used to check group SPTA kit units and measure control equipment parameters during adjustment and tuning the equipment after replacement of a faulty unit.

The 9V868М is derived from a standard 9V868 MTS by adding the 9V5002 test equipment intended for checks of the 9С4001 surveillance and targeting station (STS).

The 9V868М MTS includes:

- K131 van body based on a ZIL-131N truck;
- power generation unit;
- rectifying unit;
- filter for the rectifying unit;
- 9V546 device for drive checks;
- 9V549 test equipment;
- 9V565 test equipment;
- 9V5002 test equipment;
- 9V547.00.000 device for calculator checks;
- 9M114 9F716 missile simulator;
- 9V732 instrumentation equipment;
- standard instruments: frequency meter, oscilloscope, voltmeter, megger, multi-purpose tester;
- set of service documentsк.

The 9V868М test equipment is outfitted with a power generation unit, 16 kV·A,  380 V  (three 50-Hz phases) used for providing autonomous power to both MTS equipment, and item under test with power take-off from chassis motor shaft. However, power to the MTS can be supplied  from an external mains of 380VAC±10 %, (50±1) Hz frequency.

9V868М MTS specifications

Check method of CV characteristics and equipment units from group SPTA kit: parametric, with tolerances.

Time taken for check of one CV without cable connection/disconnection time: 2 hours.

Time to deploy MTS from travelling to operational position: 2 hours.

Time to close down MTS from operational to travelling position: 15 minutes.

Time of continuous MTS operation: 8 hours.

MTS crew: 3 persons.

MTS consumption of power of three-phase 380VAC±10 %, (50±1) Hz mains: 16 kV•A, max.

Time required for test equipment to get fully operational after power supply: 30 minutes.

Power generation set specifications:

           rated voltage: 380±19 V.

           rated power: 16 kV•A.

           rated frequency: 50±1 Hz

           number of phases: 3.

Assigned operation life: 2000/1000 hours/cycles.

CV parameters are checked by means of the test equipment housed inside the MTS. Before connecting test cables between MTS and CV, the test equipment runs a self-test. If the self-test outcome is positive, the test cables are attached to test connectors of the CV control equipment, then individual CV subsystems are subjected to checks. The checks include measurements of the corresponding subsystem parameters.

The test equipment checks parameters of a 9S4001 STS in an automated manner, those of other subsystems are checked in a manual mode.